In just a few short seasons, the foreign representatives in the Chinese Super League have morphed from ageing stars on their last legs to some of the sport's biggest names. With the transfer window now closed, here is your complete guide to the 2017 CSL foreign class...
Jackson Martinez – US$50 million (S$70.2m)
The Colombian struggled in his first season and, despite his enormous price tag, has been left out of their Asian Champions League squad. He needs to try to use that to his advantage this time around.
Ricardo Goulart – $20 million
The Brazilian has been consistently excellent in his two seasons at Guangzhou, making the team tick in attack with plenty of goals and assists.
Paulinho – $18 million
Perhaps the best player of the Chinese Super League season in 2016 as barely put a foot wrong. The former Spurs star is now back in the Brazilian national team.
Alan Carvalho – $14 million
Struggled with injury in 2015 but the Brazilian had a great 2016 season, scoring a goal every other game from behind the strikers.
Kim Hyung-il – free
The tough-tackling South Korean centre-back is on a six-month contract to cover for injured compatriot Kim Young-gwon
Alex Teixeira – $60 million
The Brazilian playmaker was one of the best foreign performers in 2016 and played a huge part in Jiangsu’s second-place finish.
Roger Martinez – $12 million
The Colombian striker has a bright future and Jiangsu are expecting a lot of goals this season, especially as he develops his relationship with Teixeira.
Ramires – $33 million
Moved from Chelsea at the start of the 2016 season and was solid as Jiangsu took second place.
Heong Jeong-ho – $3 million
The elegant South Korean centre-back arrived midway through the season and is ready for a first full campaign.
Hulk – $60 million
The Brazilian was injured for much of the second half of last season, but did enough to suggest he will score plenty of goals in 2017.
Oscar – $60 million
Arrived in January amid much fanfare and the Brazilian is expected to pull the attacking strings for Shanghai. The early signs have been encouraging.
Odil Ahmedov – undisclosed
The driving Uzbek midfielder is one of Asia’s top talents and could be a very shrewd signing, even if it did not garner the headlines that others attracted.
Elkeson – $21 million
The Brazilian striker has had three seasons in China and scored goals right from the beginning. He should enjoy playing with Oscar.
Ricardo Carvalho – undisclosed
The Portuguese centre-back has been drafted in by Andre Villas Boas to add some experience to the backline.
Carlos Tevez – undisclosed
Reportedly the highest-paid player in the world, he will face high expectations as Shanghai seek to challenge for the title.
Giovanni Moreno – $2 million
The Colombian playmaker is a hero for Shenhua fans as he starts a sixth season. The club captain is consistent and classy.
Obafemi Martins – $2 million
The well-travelled Nigerian enjoyed a good first season in 2016 and will get plenty of game time this year.
Kim Kee-hee – $6 million
The South Korean centre-back took time to settle in 2016 before growing in authority.
Fredy Guarin – $14 million
The Colombian was OK rather than spectacular after arriving from Inter Milan and didn’t make the Asian Champions League squad. More will be expected of him this time.