In just a few short seasons, the foreign representatives in the Chinese Super League have morphed from ageing stars on their last legs to some of the sport's biggest names. With the transfer window now closed, here is your complete guide to the 2017 CSL foreign class...
Odion Ighalo – $25 million
Signed from English Premier League team Watford in January, the Nigerian striker will be leading Changchun's line.
Szabolcs Huszti – undisclosed
Returns for a second spell with the club. The experienced Hungarian midfielder impressed the first time around with his leadership and goals from the middle of the park.
Bruno Meneghel – undisclosed
The well-travelled Brazilian has scored goals in China and Japan in the past and will expect to keep doing so.
Marinho – $1 million
Can play in the middle, on the wing or even up front, adding versatility to his first team outside his native Brazil.
Anzur Ismailov – $500,000
The Uzbek centre-back has been a powerful presence in the middle of Changchun's defence for five years.
James Holland – undisclosed
The Australian defensive midfielder almost saw his move to China fall through, but he has been drafted in to provide some intelligence and energy for the team.
Assani Lukimya – $2.5 million
Born in the Democratic Republic of the Congo but holding a German passport, the centre-back brings power and plenty of Bundesliga experience to the backline.
Anthony Ujah – $15 million
The Nigerian has scored goals in Germany and arrived in China midway through the 2016 season for a big fee. Has yet to show what he can do.
James Chamanga – $200,000
The Zambian striker has been with the club since 2013 and has scored consistently ever since.
Robbie Kruse – $750,000
The former Bayer Leverkusen man will be expected to create a few goals for others while getting on the scoresheet himself.
Fernandinho – $500,000
The tricky left-winger impressed on loan at the club in 2015 and the Brazilian made the move permanent the following year.
Alan Kardec – $2.5 million
The one-time Brazilian under-20 international scored more than a goal every other game after arriving last season.
Goran Milovic – $1 million
The Croatian centre-back is looking forward to a second season in the Chinese Super League.
Jung Woo-young – $1 million
A hard-working defensive midfielder, the South Korean midfielder had a solid first campaign for Chongqing.
Nikica Jelavic – $1 million
The former Everton and West Ham striker impressed in the second tier last season with Beijing Renhe, causing Guizhou to move for the experienced Croatian.
Ali Ghazal – $3 million
An interesting signing, the Egyptian defensive midfielder arrives from Portugal's top tier and can also play in defence.
Michael Olunga – $500,000
The Kenyan international striker was linked with Galatasaray before leaving Sweden for China. He has scored goals wherever he has gone.
Tjaronn Chery – undisclosed
The talented Dutch attacking midfielder was tempted east from England’s QPR to add creativity to Guizhou's 11.
Ryan McGowan – free
The Australian defender joined his third Chinese club in January and such experience will be crucial as he tries to help the new boys stay up.
* Fees stated are unofficial, figures are in US dollars